Constitution & By-Laws of
Article I. Identification & Terminology:
The term "J.A.I.L." shall stand for "Judicial Accountability Initiative Law," but as it relates to Congress and non-initiative states, it shall mean "Judicial Accountability & Integrity Legislation." "J.A.I.L." is copyrighted in Washington, D.C. The terms "nationwide" "nationally" and "country," shall include "internationally" unless identified to be otherwise. All insignia rank identifications is patterned after those used by the U.S. Army. The terms "he" "his" and "him" shall refer to either male or female.
Article II. Foundation of J.A.I.L.:
Following years of frustration with the legal system, Ronald Branson authored the original text of J.A.I.L. in April of 1995 which he then titled "The Judicial Reform Act of 1996," (JRA) On November 30, 1995 he filed JRA with the California Secretary of State. In 1997 the Initiative was re-titled as indicated in Article I.
Article III. Objective:
J.A.I.L. shall have a single-focus objective. That objective shall be solely and exclusively the establishment of a system of judicial accountability to the People through the creation of independent citizens' bodies of Special Grand Juries in each and every state, and over the entire federal judicial system through the J.A.I.L. Bill to Congress. Only upon full implementation of the original objective of J.A.I.L. within a state or Congress may it consider other objectives. While J.A.I.L.'s objective seeks the creation of a forum in which to hold judges accountable to the people, it shall promote that inherent right only through non-violent means. It abhors and forbids truculent behavior.
Article IV. Means:
In order to carry out its national objective, J.A.I.L. has established a regimental chain of command. The ranks of J.A.I.L. command shall be:
(1) J.A.I.L. Commander-In-Chief:
The J.A.I.L. Commander-In-Chief (CIC) is vested with ultimate authority over all affairs of J.A.I.L. nationally. His insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing of five stars. The J.A.I.L. Commander-In-Chief shall have exclusive power to appoint and delegate authority to its national leadership. He shall have the authority to appoint JAILers-In-Chief over every state Chapter, to declare JAILer-In-Chief positions vacant, and to fill such vacancies at his discretion.
He may appoint, at his discretion, Personal Assistant I(s), (PA-I), who shall serve him personally. Such PA-I(s) may identify themselves by wearing the insignia of a Bird Colonel. Such PA-I appointments may be for a single special project, a specified period of time, or until dismissed by the CIC. In any event, the cessation of any PA from service shall constitute a return to the former rank and display held prior to such appointment, unless an automatic promotion has transpired during such time of PA service.
(2) Lieutenant Commander-In-Chief:
The Lieutenant Commander-In-Chief (Lt. CIC) shall assist in carrying out the will and desires of the Commander-In-Chief. His insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing four stars of a General. He shall be the Chair of the Associate Commanders-In-Chief, and shall have only a tie-breaking vote. He shall serve as the Commander-In-Chief in the absence, incapacity, or demise of the Commander-In-Chief; and in the case of demise, he shall continue as interim CIC until such time as an election of a new Commander-In-Chief takes place by vote of the Associate Commanders-In-Chief, which election shall be noticed for and held on the first Tuesday of November of even-numbered years, or as soon thereafter as possible. Upon unanimous agreement of the ACICs, an immediate emergency election for this purpose may be noticed and held.
The Lt. CIC may exercise the same powers regarding appointments of his PA-I(s) as set forth in the last paragraph of the CIC.
(3) Associate Commanders-In-Chief:
The Associate Commanders-In-Chief (ACIC) shall be appointed by the Commander-In-Chief, and shall serve National J.A.I.L. at his pleasure. His insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing of three stars of a Lt. General. The CIC may appoint as many ACICs as he deems necessary to carry out the mission of National J.A.I.L. Administration. They shall serve as his Cabinet Members, and may be removed by the CIC at his will. Except for contractual issues which bind National J.A.I.L., and appointments, an ACIC shall have the authority to speak for the CIC; however, such decision may be appealed to the Lt. CIC, who may adopt, reverse or amend such decision. Ultimate appeal may be had to the CIC at the CIC's discretion.
Upon a twenty-day notice to the parties involved, and to all voting ACICs, the ACICs shall have sole power of impeachment over any and all positions within J.A.I.L., when supported by a majority of those ACICs voting. The CIC may not remove or add any Associate Commander-In-Chief during such impending impeachment process.
In the case of ACICs appointed by the CIC in jurisdictions outside and foreign to the United States, the CIC my authorize such ACICs to appoint JICs to lead within their appropriate foreign jurisdictions. But in no event shall any ACIC in a foreign jurisdiction have the power to vote on any matters regarding J.A.I.L. elections, impeachments, constitutional amendments, or upon the direction of J.A.I.L.
The ACIC may exercise the same powers regarding appointments of their PA- I(s) as set forth in the last paragraph of the CIC.
The JAILer-In-Chief (JIC) is the Chief Executive Officer within his state Chapter. His insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing of two stars of a Major General. He shall have the authority to appoint and remove all leaders within his state Chapter, to declare vacancies, and to fill such vacancies at his discretion. He shall seek appointments of Associate JAILers-In-Chief throughout the state, and Wardens over each and every county. He shall attend to his responsibility of faithfully managing the advancement of J.A.I.L. in all matters of his Chapter.
The JAILer-In-Chief shall call for, and seek, the compliance of all Wardens within his Chapter in reference to the semi-annual support of National J.A.I.L. as set forth in Article IV, Section (7).
The JIC may exercise the same powers regarding appointments of their PA-I(s) as set forth in the last paragraph of the CIC.
(5) Lt. JAILer-In-Chief:
The Lt. JAILer-In-Chief (Lt. JIC) shall assist in carrying out the will and desires of the JAILer-In-Chief, and shall be the Chair of the Associate JAILers-In-Chief. His insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing of one star of a Brigadier General. He shall serve as the JAILer-In-Chief in the absence, incapacity, or demise of the JAILer-In-Chief.
The Lt. JIC may exercise the same powers regarding appointments of their PA-I(s) as set forth in the last paragraph of the CIC.
(6) Associate JAILers-In-Chief:
The Associate JAILers-In-Chief (AJIC) shall be appointed by the JAILer-In-Chief who may appoint as many Associate JAILers-In-Chief as he shall deem necessary to govern his state Chapter. They shall serve at his pleasure and may be removed at his will. Their insignia may be publicly demonstrated by the wearing of a silver cloverleaf of a Lieutenant Colonel. The AJIC may speak with the authority of the JIC in all matters except contracts binding the Chapter, and appointments. However, such decision may be appealed to the Lt. JIC who may amend, reverse or adopt such decision. Appeal may be made to the JIC at the JIC's discretion.
An AJIC may appoint, at his discretion, Personal Assistant II(s), (PA-II), who shall serve him personally. Such PA-II(s) may identify themselves by wearing the gold cloverleaf insignia of a Major. Such PA-II appointments may be for a single special project, a specified period of time, or until dismissed by the AJIC. In any event, the cessation of any PA from service shall constitute a return to the former rank and display held prior to such appointment, unless an automatic promotion has transpired during such time of PA service.
(7) J.A.I.L. Warden:
Subject to the JAILer-In-Chief, Wardens shall be in charge over all J.A.I.L. affairs of their respective counties. Their insignia may be publicly demonstrated by wearing of the silver bars of a Captain. The Warden's position is the most basic of all J.A.I.L. leadership positions. The Wardens are the backbone of J.A.I.L.'s Victory for America! The Warden shall practice to be very aggressive in steering JAILers within their county towards attracting media attention, giving media interviews, holding demonstrations, initiating public court appearances, or whatever best advances the cause of J.A.I.L. within their county.
The Warden should seek to establish a meeting place for the assembly of JAILers within his county. He shall preside at all J.A.I.L. meetings or carry out such duties through his Lt. Warden and/or Associate Wardens. During the months of March and September the Warden shall seek to assure that all JAILer within his county have posted their semi-annual support to National J.A.I.L. as set forth in Article VII.
(In the exceptional case of extremely large population of Los Angeles County, which has the population exceeding forty-two states, and the enormity of geographical size of San Bernardino County, which is the largest county in the nation covering a width of about two-hundred miles, such counties may be broken up into communities, or other population areas, which shall, for J.A.I.L. purposes, constitute a "county," requiring a Warden.)
A Warden may appoint, at his discretion, Personal Assistant III(s), (PA-III), who shall serve him personally. Such PA-III(s) may identify themselves by wearing the single gold-bar insignia of a Second Lieutenant. Such PA-III appointments may be for a single special project, a specified period of time, or until dismissed by the Warden. In any event, the cessation of any PA from service shall constitute a return to the former rank and display held prior to such appointment, unless an automatic promotion has transpired during such time of PA service.
(8) Lieutenant Warden:
The Lieutenant Warden shall assist in carrying out the will and desires of the J.A.I.L. Warden. Their insignia may be publicly demonstrated by wearing of a single silver bar of a Lieutenant. He shall serve as the Warden in the absence, incapacity, or demise of the Warden. He shall be the Chair of the Associate Wardens.
The Lt. Warden may appoint, at his discretion, Personal Assistant III(s), (PA-III), who shall serve him personally. Such PA-III(s) may identify themselves by wearing the single gold-bar insignia of a Second Lieutenant. Such PA-III appointments may be for a single special project, a specified period of time, or until dismissed by the Lt. Warden. In any event, the cessation of any PA from service shall constitute a return to the former rank and display held prior to such appointment, unless an automatic promotion has transpired during such time of PA service.
(9) Associate Wardens:
The Associate Wardens shall serve as the staff of the Warden and at the Warden's pleasure. . Their rank may be publicly demonstrated by wearing a six-striped, star-centered patch or insignia of a Command Sergeant Major. The Warden may appoint as many Associate Wardens as he shall deem necessary for carrying out his duties as described in subparagraph (7) above.
The Associate Warden may appoint, at his discretion, Personal Assistant IV(s), (PA-IV), who shall serve him personally. Such PA-IV(s) may identify themselves by wearing a six-striped, diamond-centered patch or insignia of a First Sergeant. Such PA-IV appointments may be for a single special project, a specified period of time, or until dismissed by the Associate Warden. In any event, the cessation of any PA from service shall constitute a return to the former rank and display held prior to such appointment, unless an automatic promotion has transpired during such time of PA service.
"JAILers" shall have a dual meaning. (A) As "JAILer" applies to the chain of command, it shall refer to all members holding a position under that of First Sergeant, (six-striped, diamond-centered patch.) As such, "JAILers" are the ground foot-soldiers of J.A.I.L. They are what makes J.A.I.L. actually happen. (B) Apart from leadership consideration, all J.A.I.L. members may be referred to generally as "JAILers."
Regarding "JAILers" as applied to (A) above, every person joining J.A.I.L. as a new JAILer, may display his first rank of one stripe on his next birthday regardless of how soon his birthday may be, and add a stripe each successive year on his birthday up to a total of six stripes. All JAILers who have been with J.A.I.L. prior to this provision may apply this measure retroactively on an honor system based on how many years they have been with J.A.I.L., and may add a stripe at their next birthday, which is as follows:
· First year One stripe: Private First Class
· Second year Two stripes: Corporal
· Third year Three stripes: Sergeant
· Fourth year Four stripes: Staff Sergeant
· Fifth year Five stripes: Sergeant First Class
· Six year Six stripes: Master Sergeant
JAILers within this category shall render due respect to those having the longest time within J.A.I.L.
Article V. Competitiveness:
It shall be the policy of J.A.I.L. to encourage JAILers to aspire to higher positions within J.A.I.L. authority. In order to have the most effective leadership, J.A.I.L. encourages self-motivation in seeking advancement through appointments. Therefore J.A.I.L. adopts the policy of "lead, follow, or get out of the way." All JAILers are asked to cooperate together in this objective. If you believe you can lead J.A.I.L. better than your state JIC or your county Warden, you are invited to self-initiate a challenge. A challenge of a Warden shall be directed to your JIC. A challenge of a JIC shall be directed to the CIC. In such respective case, the CIC or JIC shall sit as an arbiter in determining what shall be best for the advancement of J.A.I.L. A challenge of existing leadership shall not necessarily constitute an automatic change in leadership. The CIC or JIC shall seek to ascertain the motives of a challenger. It is inappropriate for either the CIC or JIC to recommend that a potential party to an arbitration before him, should challenge another. Challenges should be self-initiated, which practice demonstrates leadership qualities. Essentially, if one is not prepared to challenge, then he is not prepared to lead!
Article VI. Allegiances:
J.A.I.L. shall remain racially and gender neutral. While it acknowledges that many JAILers hold different religious values, J.A.I.L. shall make no policy respecting the establishment of a religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.
Article VII. National J.A.I.L. Support:
J.A.I.L. hereby imposes a National J.A.I.L. semi-annual financial support of ten ($10) dollars on each and every JAILer payable during the months of March and September of each year. Such support shall be made payable to "J.A.I.L." and sent to:
P.O. Box 207, No. Hollywood, Ca. 91603. *
Thomas Paine said in 1777, "Those who expect to reap the blessing of freedom must, like men, undergo the fatigue of supporting it." Should we expect to achieve Victory in America without supporting it, we seek something that has never been, nor ever shall be. From the Founder's personal viewpoint, J.A.I.L. is a cause certainly worthy of at least 5% of their gain to which God has entrusted them. Notwithstanding this fact, it is hoped that this miniscule amount of ten dollars will inspire all JAILers to donate more than the minimum $10 according as they have been blessed by J.A.I.L.'s outreach. J.A.I.L. is the hope of the future of this nation, and certainly worthy of your financial support!
Article VIII. J.A.I.L. Colors:
The official J.A.I.L. colors shall be Yellow-Gold on Navy Blue.
Article IX. Official J.A.I.L. Text:
The official wording of J.A.I.L. in all fifty states shall follow substantially the textual wording of that of California from which it sprang, and shall not radically depart from its text which is as follows:
Judicial Accountability Initiative Law (J.A.I.L.)
(California Initiative Version 9-1-03)
(a) Preamble. We, the People of California, find that the doctrine of judicial immunity has been greatly abused; and when judges abuse their power, the people are obliged - it is their duty - to correct that injury, for the benefit of themselves and their posterity. In order to ensure judicial accountability and domestic tranquility, we hereby amend Article I of our Constitution to add these provisions, which shall be known as "The Judicial Accountability Amendment."
(b) Definitions. For purposes of this amendment:
1. The term "blocking" shall mean any act that impedes the lawful conclusion of a case, to include unreasonable delay and willful rendering of a void judgment or order.
2. The term "judge" shall mean justice, judge, magistrate, commissioner, judge pro tem, private judge, judicial mediator, arbitrator and referee, and every person shielded by judicial immunity.
3. The term "Juror" shall mean a Special Grand Juror.
4. The term "seat" shall mean a situs and facility that is suitable for usage by the Jury.
5. The term "strike" shall mean an adverse immunity decision.
Where appropriate, the singular shall include the plural.
(c) Immunity. Notwithstanding common law or any other provision to the contrary, no immunities shall be extended to any judge of this State except as is specifically set forth in this Amendment. Preserving the purpose of protecting judges from frivolous and harassing actions, no immunity shielding a judge shall be construed to extend to any deliberate violation of law, fraud or conspiracy, intentional violation of due process of law, deliberate disregard of material facts, judicial acts without jurisdiction, blocking of a lawful conclusion of a case, or any deliberate violation of the Constitutions of California or the United States.
(d) Special Grand Juries. There are hereby created within this State three twenty-five member Special Grand Juries with statewide jurisdiction having power to judge both law and fact. This body shall exist independent of statutes governing county grand juries. Their responsibility shall be limited to determining, on an objective standard, whether a civil suit against a judge would be frivolous and harassing, or fall within the exclusions of immunity as set forth herein, and whether there is probable cause of criminal conduct by the judge complained of.
(e) Professional Counsel. Each Special Grand Jury shall have exclusive power to retain non-governmental advisors, special prosecutors, and investigators, as needed, who shall serve no longer than one year, after which term said officers shall be ineligible. Notwithstanding the one year, a special prosecutor may be retained to prosecute current cases in which they are involved through all appeals and any complaints for judicial misconduct.
(f) Establishment of Special Grand Jury Seats. Within ninety days following the ratification of this Amendment, the Legislature shall provide a seat for each Special Grand Jury. No seat shall be located within a mile of any judicial body, and each seat shall be reasonably placed proportionately according to population throughout the State. Should the Legislature fail to so act within ninety days, its members shall permanently forfeit their salaries and per diem pay, beginning on the ninety-first day, until such time that it abides by the terms of this (f) section.
(g) Annual Funding. The Legislature shall cause to be deducted two and nine-tenths percent from the gross judicial salaries of all judges, which amount shall be deposited regularly into the exclusive trust account created by this Amendment in paragraph (k) for its operational expenses, together with filing fees under paragraph (h), surcharges under paragraph (i), forfeited benefits of disciplined judges under paragraph (q), and fines imposed under paragraph (r).
(h) Filing Fees. Attorneys representing a party filing a civil complaint or answer before the Special Grand Jury, shall, at the time of filing, pay a fee equal to the filing fee due in a civil appeal to the State Supreme Court. Individuals filing a civil complaint or answer before the Special Grand Jury in their own behalf as a matter of right, shall, at the time of filing, pay a fee of fifty dollars, or file a declaration, which shall remain confidential, stating they are impoverished and unable to pay and/or object to such fee.
(i) Surcharges. Should this Amendment lack sufficient funding through its fines, fees, and forfeitures (including deductions in paragraph (g)), the Legislature shall impose appropriate surcharges upon the civil court filing fees of corporate litigants as necessary to make this Amendment self-supporting.
(j) Compensation of Jurors. Each Juror shall receive a salary commensurate to a Superior Court judge prorated according to the number of days actually served.
(k) Annual Budget. The Special Grand Juries shall have an annual operational budget commensurate to double the combined salaries of the seventy-five Jurors serving full time, which sum shall be initially deposited by the Legislature into an exclusive trust account to be annually administered by the State Controller. Should the trust balance, within any budget year, drop to less than an amount equivalent to the annual gross salaries of fifty Superior Court judges, the State Controller shall so notify the Legislature which shall replenish the account, prorated based on the actual average expenditures during the budget year. Should the trust balance in any subsequent year exceed the annual operational budget at the beginning of a new budget year, the State Controller shall return such excess to the state treasury.
(l) Jurisdiction. Each Special Grand Jury shall have exclusive power to establish rules assuring their attendance, to provide internal discipline, and to remove any of its members on grounds of misconduct. The Special Grand Jury shall immediately assign a docket number to each complaint brought before it, unless such case is transferred to another Special Grand Jury to achieve caseload balance. A transfer shall not prejudice a docketing deadline. The Special Grand Jury first docketing a complaint shall have sole jurisdiction of the case. Except as provided in paragraphs (s) and (w), no complaint of misconduct shall be considered by any Special Grand Jury unless the complainant shall have first attempted to exhaust all judicial remedies available in this State within the immediately preceding six-month period. Such six-month period, however, shall not commence in complaints of prior fraud or blocking of a lawful conclusion until after the date the Special Grand Juries become functional. This provision applies remedially and retroactively. Should the complainant opt to proceed to the United States Supreme Court, such six-month period shall commence upon the disposition by that Court.
(m) Qualifications of Jurors. A Juror shall have attained to the age of thirty years, and have been nine years a citizen of the United States, and have been an inhabitant of California for two years immediately prior to having his/her name drawn. Those not eligible for Special Grand Jury service shall include elected and appointed officials, members of the State Bar, judges (active or retired), judicial, prosecutorial and law enforcement personnel, without other exclusion except previous adjudication of mental incapacity, imprisonment, or parole from a conviction of a felonious crime against persons.
(n) Selection of Jurors. The Jurors shall serve without compulsion and shall be drawn by public lot by the Secretary of State from names on the voters rolls and any citizen submitting his/her name to the Secretary of State for such drawing.
(o) Service of Jurors. Excluding the establishment of the initial Special Grand Juries, each Juror shall serve one year. No Juror shall serve more than once. On the first day of each month, two persons shall be rotated off each Special Grand Jury and new Citizens seated, except in January it shall be three. Vacancies shall be filled on the first of the following month in addition to the Jurors regularly rotated, and the Juror drawn to fill a vacancy shall complete only the remainder of the term of the Juror replaced
(p) Procedures. The Special Grand Jury shall serve a copy of the filed complaint upon the subject judge and notice to the complainant of such service. The judge shall have twenty days to serve and file an answer. The complainant shall have fifteen days to reply to the judge's answer. (Upon timely request, the Special Grand Jury may provide for extensions for good cause.) In criminal matters, the Special Grand Jury shall have power to subpoena witnesses, documents, and other tangible evidence, and to examine witnesses under oath. Each Special Grand Jury shall determine the causes properly before it with their reasoned findings in writing within one hundred twenty (120) calendar days, serving on all parties their decision on whether immunity shall be barred as a defense to any civil action that may thereafter be pursued against the judge. A rehearing may be requested of the Special Grand Jury within fifteen days with service upon the opposition. Fifteen days shall be allowed to reply thereto. Thereafter, the Special Grand Jury shall render final determination within thirty days. All allegations of the complaint shall be liberally construed in favor of the complainant. The Jurors shall keep in mind, in making their decisions, that they are entrusted by the People of this State with the duty of restoring a perception of justice and accountability of the judiciary, and are not to be swayed by artful presentation by the judge. They shall avoid all influence by judicial and government entities. The statute of limitations on any civil suit brought pursuant to this Amendment against a State judge shall not commence until the rendering of a final decision by the Special Grand Jury. Special Grand Jury files shall always remain public record following their final determination. A majority of thirteen shall determine any matter.
(q) Removal. Whenever any judge has received three strikes, the judge shall be permanently removed from office, and thereafter shall not serve in any State judicial office, including that of private judge. Judicial retirement for such removed judge shall not exceed one-half of the benefits to which such person would have otherwise been entitled. Retirement shall not avert third strike penalties.
(r) Indictment. Should the Special Grand Jury also find probable cause of criminal conduct on the part of any judge against whom a complaint is docketed, it shall have the power to indict such judge except where double jeopardy attaches. The Special Grand Jury shall, without voir dire beyond personal impartiality, relationship, or linguistics, cause to be impaneled twelve special trial jurors, plus alternates, which trial jurors shall be instructed that they have power to judge both law and fact. The Special Grand Jury shall also select a non-governmental special prosecutor and a judge with no more than four years on the bench from a county other than that of the defendant judge. The trial jury shall be selected from the same pool of jury candidates as any regular jury. The special prosecutor shall thereafter prosecute the cause to a conclusion, having all the powers of any other prosecutor within this State. Upon conviction, the special trial jury shall have exclusive power of sentencing (limited to incarceration, fines and/or community service), which shall be derived by an average of the sentences of the trial jurors.
(s) Criminal Procedures. In addition to any other provisions of this Amendment, a complaint for criminal conduct of a judge may be brought directly to the Special Grand Jury upon all the following prerequisites: (1) an affidavit of criminal conduct has been lodged with the appropriate prosecutorial entity within ninety (90) days of the commission of the alleged conduct; (2) the prosecutor declines to prosecute, or one hundred twenty (120) days has passed following the lodging of such affidavit and prosecution has not commenced; (3) an indictment, if sought, has not been specifically declined on the merits by a county Grand Jury; and (4) the criminal statute of limitations has not run. Any criminal conviction (including a plea bargain) under any judicial process shall constitute a strike.
(t) Public Indemnification. No judge complained of, or sued civilly by a complainant pursuant to this Amendment, shall be defended at public expense or by any elected or appointed public counsel, nor shall any judge be reimbursed from public funds for any losses sustained under this Amendment.
(u) Enforcement. No person exercising strict enforcement of the findings of a Special Grand Jury shall be held liable civilly, criminally, or in contempt.
(v) Redress. The provisions of this Amendment are in addition to other redress that may exist and are not mutually exclusive.
(w) Challenges. No judge under the jurisdiction of the Special Grand Jury, or potentially affected by the outcome of a challenge hereto, shall have any jurisdiction to sit in judgment of such challenge. Such pretended adjudication shall be null and void for all purposes and a complaint for such misconduct may be brought at any time, without charge, before the Special Grand Jury by class-action, or by any adversely affected person.
(x) Preeminence. Preeminence shall be given to this Amendment in any case of conflicts with statute, case law, common law, or constitutional provision. The foreperson of each Special Grand Jury shall read, or cause to be read, this Amendment to the respective Jurors semi-annually during the first week of business in January and July. Should any part of this Amendment be determined unconstitutional, the remainder shall remain in full force and effect as though no challenge thereto existed.
Copyrighted - Library of Congress by Ron Branson
Article X. AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION
This National J.A.I.L. Constitution and By-Laws may be amended by concurrence of two-thirds vote of the voting Associate Commanders-In-Chief.